Tai chi developed in ancient China. It started as a martial art and a means of self-defense. Over time, people began to use it for health purposes as well.T'ai chi ch'uan or Taijiquan, often shortened to t'ai chi, taiji or tai chi in English usage, is a type of internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits. It is also typically practiced for a variety of other personal reasons: its hard and soft martial art technique, demonstration competitions, and longevity. Accounts of the history of tai chi vary. A popular legend credits its origins to Chang San-Feng, a Taoist monk, who developed a set of 13 exercises that imitate the movements of animals. He also emphasized meditationA conscious mental process using certain techniques—such as focusing attention or maintaining a specific posture—to suspend the stream of thoughts and relax the body and mind.
Qi Gong, a form of Chinese exercise stimulation therapy that proposes to improve health by redirecting mental focus, breathing, coordination, and relaxation. The goal is to rebalance the body's own healing capacities by activating proposed electric or energetic currents that flow along meridians located throughout the body. These meridians do not follow conventional nerve or muscle pathways. Chi kung has been effective in the management of chronic illness (e.g., hypertension, asthma, allergies, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, diabetes, arthritis), wellness promotion, stress management, terminal illness (as palliation), GI conditions, musculoskeletal pains and sports injuries, tension headaches, colds and flu, and tinnitus.